Potato planting method is so simple, just 4 steps, quickly collect for gardening
Potatoes are a very good crop, in the past, many farmers through potatoes to feed a large family, therefore, everyone likes to grow potatoes, and potatoes are very easy to grow, easy to fruit potatoes, can create more income for our farmers; So how potatoes are grown, what are the planting methods and steps, the following to share the methods and steps of growing potatoes, I hope to help you.
First of all, potato selection, dicing and germination
The first step in planting potatoes is to select potato seeds, good seeds can ensure the yield of potatoes, so before planting potatoes, we need to select the seeds and pick out some of the poor quality; Potato seeds are of high quality or not, we can judge from its size and the thickness of the buds, large, round and full, thick buds, basically high-quality potato seeds.
After the potato seeds are selected, we need to cut the seeds into pieces, because a potato seed will have many buds on it, if the whole potato seed is planted, there will be a lot of seedlings in a seed pit, and the waste of seeds will not say, which will make the seedlings too dense and affect the yield of potatoes, so potato seeds are recommended to be cut into pieces.
Everyone should know that every potato seed will have a top and tail, and the bud eye at the top is the best, so when we cut the seed block, we try to leave the top bud eye, a seed block leaves one or two bud eyes, as for the tail of the potato, you can use it or not.
When the potatoes are all cut into pieces, there will be cut pieces, so we need to sprinkle grass and wood ash (must be grass and wood ash) on the place where the potato is cut, so that the grass and wood ash adheres to the incision to speed up the healing of potato wounds; Finally put the potatoes in one place, preferably a slightly damp place, and the potato pieces will sprout quickly.
Second, plough and apply bottom fertilizer to improve the land
During the potato germination period, we take the time to turn over the plot ready to plant potatoes, because the growth of potatoes is particularly demanding on the soil, and it needs soft and breathable soil, so when we plough the land, we need to plough the land slightly deeper, about 40 centimeters, according to the fertility of the soil, apply an appropriate amount of farm manure (it must be decomposed, otherwise it is easy to grow insects and breed pathogens), and then stir evenly, and then raise the ridge to increase the soil thickness of the planting layer.
Third, plant potatoes in separate holes
When the potato pieces sprout, we can start growing potatoes (of course, we can also plant them directly after cutting the pieces); Before planting potatoes, first dig out a number of seed pits in the plot according to a certain spacing, the pit depth is about 20 cm, and then sprinkle a small half pit of farm manure + grass and wood ash into the pit, and then sprinkle a thin layer of soil, slightly cover the farm manure in the pit, plant the potato blocks, the buds are facing up, and finally cover the soil with about 1.5 cm, and then cultivate the soil after the potatoes emerge.
Fourth, after the potatoes emerge, thin the seedlings and topdress the fertilizer
After the potato block is planted, about 5 days later it will emerge, this time we do not have to care for the time being, because the main source of nutrition for potato seedlings at this time is potato blocks, all of which we do not have to rush to topage; When the potato seedlings grow to a height of more than 15 cm, there are many leaves, and we need to start topdressing; At this time, potatoes are mainly long seedlings, therefore, the main direction of our fertilization is nitrogen fertilizer, you can use our own fermented liquid fertilizer + chicken manure or potassium sulfate fertilizer, liquid fertilizer is mainly to supplement nitrogen nutrients.
Potatoes in the seedlings grow to 10 cm to 15 cm, a nest of potato seedlings may grow a lot of roots, we need to timely thinning seedlings, the same nest in the weak seedlings root cut off, leaving 1, 2 strong seedlings, do not reluctant, there is a house to get.
When the potatoes begin to grow roots, we need to change the fertilization strategy, mainly using farm manure + grass and wood ash (or chicken manure, potassium sulfate); Potatoes are high yielding, mainly relying on grass and wood ash, therefore, it is recommended that when planting potatoes, try to find some grass and wood ash to fertilize, potatoes will grow nest after nest.
The specific planting methods and steps of potatoes are probably these four points, the most important thing is to select seeds, good potato varieties, in order to plant high-yield potatoes, followed by fertilizer, the bottom fertilizer must be sufficient, topdressing must be timely, to avoid potato lack of fertilizer.