Hydroponic culture is different from substrate culture. If you want to save money and labor, don't choose the wrong one to plant melons, fruits and vegetables in gardening
Many farmers see the greenhouse soil salinization, vegetables grow bad, began to change to soilless cultivation of this model. But the farmers are familiar with soilless cultivation and strange, see others planting very familiar, to their own planting is very strange, I do not know where to start. Some farmers do not know which vegetables suitable for soilless cultivation? Some farmers do not know whether to choose hydroponics or substrate culture? Read it and you'll have your answer.
Grow lettuce, chives, cabbage, celery and other green leafy vegetables, very suitable for hydroponics. If the substrate culture leafy vegetables, the planting area is large, more substrate, the cost will be higher. The green leaf vegetable hydroponic has the superiority, the growth potential is good, clean and beautiful, saves the artificial, enhances the planting benefit.
For example, hydroponic chives can avoid continuous cropping, thoroughly control chive maggots and other underground pests, reducing the use of pesticides. Hydroponic lettuce, also very artificial, basically 30 to 40 days to harvest, a year can harvest ten. When the seedlings are planted, they are only put into the planting basket, thus saving the labor of digging holes. And lettuce hydroponics, leaves are relatively clean, no soil, high commercial.
- Melons and fruits
Planting tomatoes, cucumbers, melons, strawberries, watermelons, peppers and other fruits, can be soilless cultivation. Hydroponic or substrate culture can be used, the two models have their own advantages. Many farmers are hesitant about which one to choose? On the basis of good cultivation, the yield and quality of hydroponic fruits and vegetables are higher than that of substrate cultivation, but the cost of hydroponic cultivation is higher and the difficulty coefficient of cultivation is higher.
The cost of hydroponic vegetables is mainly the construction of infrastructure and fertilizers. The use of foam board as a planting trough, other pipes, water pipes, valves, planting basket, recycling pool, etc. , an acre of land about 6,000, which is more suitable for farmers to build methods. When growing vegetables in the substrate, you can use the planting bags with cow dung and earthworm dung. The cost is very low. Some plots cost only three thond yuan per mu.
Water culture will not have the problem of replanting, after pulling seedlings, replaced with new water. The new substrate should be added after each stubble. Therefore, in the post-management operation, labor costs and other input costs, hydroponics to be lower than substrate cultivation. Hydroponic and substrate cultivation, must master the fertilizer concentration.
If you are a farmer who has just started growing fruits and melons, it is recommended to try substrate cultivation first. After you have planted a few crops and fully mastered the skills of water and fertilizer management and field management, you can then switch to hydroponics, it's easier when you have the basics. Because the matrix culture, if there are errors can be timely remedy, and hydroponics management is difficult, but also easy to make mistakes, resulting in greater losses. If you grow green vegetables, choose hydroponics.
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